Information Structure And Sentence Form Pdf


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20.05.2021 at 11:46
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information structure and sentence form pdf

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This chapter examines the role of information structure in constructionist approaches.

Revue de linguistique, psycholinguistique et informatique. A journal of linguistics, psycholinguistics and computational linguistics. Two visual-world eye-tracking experiments were designed to investigate the resolution of ambiguous German pronouns, the personal pronoun er and the d-pronoun der in spoken discourse. Specifically, the influence of the order of mention and the information status of the antecedent candidates on the resolution preferences following canonical and non-canonical antecedent structures was explored.

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In linguistics , information structure , also called information packaging, describes the way in which information is formally packaged within a sentence. Other structures motivated by information structure include preposing e. The basic notions of information structure are focus , givenness , and topic , [2] as well as their complementary notions of background, newness, and comment respectively. The term information structure is due to Halliday In , Chafe introduced the term information packaging. Information structure can be realized through a wide variety of linguistic mechanisms.

It is at this interfacing level of mental representation that linguistic rules and constraints on structure-building, interpretation, and processing interact with general cognitive processes involved in belief formation, such as memory, attention, pragmatic reasoning, and general inference processes. Information structure plays a crucial role in embedding linguistic utterances in ever-changing communicative settings and contexts, and it does so by imposing structure on the ways in which the information conveyed by an utterance is linguistically expressed. A central observation is that linguistically coded information is structured in a specific way, such that it fits the context of the utterance and the knowledge states of the discourse participants. The information structure of linguistic utterances is typically reflected in their grammatical form. Linguistic marking of information structure facilitates information update and the actualization of belief states. For this reason, information structure, in the general sense, is often characterized in terms of information packaging or content management. In a more narrow sense, information structure refers to the concrete structural realization of information structure categories in linguistic utterances.

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Concentrating on data from Japanese, this paper examines the relationship between topicality and the specificity of indefinites. We argue that in many instances specificity arises when the domain of quantification for an indefinite is both topical and extremely narrow. We also discuss instances where the domain of quantification varies with some other operator, analyzing these in terms of a topical domain function, that is a function given in the context which provides the indefinite with a domain of quantification relative to implicit arguments. Our view builds on two popular ideas about specific indefinites: that they are a kind of presuppositional indefinite and that they are referential elements analyzed via choice functions. Most users should sign in with their email address. If you originally registered with a username please use that to sign in.

Information structure

In this comprehensive study, Professor Lambrecht explores the relationship between the structure of sentences and the linguistic and extra-linguistic contexts in which they are used. His analysis is based on the observation that the structure of a sentence reflects a speaker's assumptions about the hearer's state of knowledge and consciousness at the time of the utterance. This relationship between speaker assump- tions and formal sentence structure is governed by rules and conventions of grammar, in a component called "information structure. Lambrecht reveals that each category correlates directly with structural properties of the sentence.

Metrics details. The main claim of this paper is that punctuation marks, in conjunction with spaces between words, function to provide visual rather than auditory cues for information structure in written English. Information structure is defined here as dividing the flow of discourse into units, each containing a newsworthy element, and in contrast to the Systemic Functional systems of Reference and Theme.

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 - Хватит валять дурака. Какой-то тип разыскивал Меган. Человек не выпускал его из рук. - Да хватит тебе, Эдди! - Но, посмотрев в зеркало, он убедился, что это вовсе не его закадычный дружок. Лицо в шрамах и следах оспы. Два безжизненных глаза неподвижно смотрят из-за очков в тонкой металлической оправе. Человек наклонился, и его рот оказался у самого уха двухцветного.

Больше ждать он не мог: глаза горели огнем, нужно было промыть их водой. Стратмор подождет минуту-другую. Полуслепой, он направился в туалетную комнату.


In the information-structure component of language, propositions as conceptual representations of states of affairs undergo pragmatic structuring according to the​.


Experiment 1: first sound files

Она шагнула вперед, но и там была та же пустота. Сигналы продолжались. Источник их находился где-то совсем близко. Сьюзан поворачивалась то влево, то вправо. Она услышала шелест одежды, и вдруг сигналы прекратились.

 Я из отдела испанской полиции по надзору за иностранными туристами. В вашем номере проститутка. Немец нервно посмотрел на дверь в ванную. Он явно колебался. - Ja, - признался он. - Вам известно, что в Испании это противозаконно.

Все крупные провалы в сфере безопасности в истории агентства происходили внутри этого здания.

 - Что скажешь. А потом мы могли бы… - Выкинь это из головы. - Сколько в тебе снобизма.

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Exequiel M.
21.05.2021 at 21:28 - Reply

Cambridge Core - Semantics and Pragmatics - Information Structure and Sentence Form. Frontmatter. pp i-viii. Access. PDF; Export citation.

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