Meaning And Purpose Of Education PdfBy GarcГa V. In and pdf 19.05.2021 at 08:11 9 min read
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- Educational Research, Meaning, Scope, Purpose and Characteristics
- LESSON - 1 MEANING, AIMS AND PROCESS OF EDUCATION
- The Meaning and Purpose of Education
- The Many Purposes of Education
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Educational Research, Meaning, Scope, Purpose and Characteristics
Education is the process of facilitating learning , or the acquisition of knowledge , skills , values , morals, beliefs , and habits. Educational methods include teaching , training , storytelling , discussion and directed research. Education frequently takes place under the guidance of educators, however learners can also educate themselves.
Education can take place in formal or informal settings and any experience that has a formative effect on the way one thinks, feels, or acts may be considered educational. The methodology of teaching is called pedagogy.
Formal education is commonly divided formally into such stages as preschool or kindergarten , primary school , secondary school and then college , university , or apprenticeship. A right to education has been recognized by some governments and the United Nations. There is a movement for education reform , and in particular for evidence-based education with global initiatives aimed at achieving the Sustainable Development Goal 4 , which promotes quality education for all.
Education began in prehistory, as adults trained the young in the knowledge and skills deemed necessary in their society. In pre- literate societies, this was achieved orally and through imitation.
Story-telling passed knowledge, values, and skills from one generation to the next. As cultures began to extend their knowledge beyond skills that could be readily learned through imitation, formal education developed. Schools existed in Egypt at the time of the Middle Kingdom. Plato founded the Academy in Athens , the first institution of higher learning in Europe.
European civilizations suffered a collapse of literacy and organization following the fall of Rome in CE In China , Confucius — BCE , of the State of Lu , was the country's most influential ancient philosopher, whose educational outlook continues to influence the societies of China and neighbours like Korea, Japan, and Vietnam. Confucius gathered disciples and searched in vain for a ruler who would adopt his ideals for good governance, but his Analects were written down by followers and have continued to influence education in East Asia into the modern era.
The Aztecs also had a well-developed theory about education, which has an equivalent word in Nahuatl called tlacahuapahualiztli. It means "the art of raising or educating a person",  or "the art of strengthening or bringing up men".
Historians cite that formal education was mandatory for everyone regardless of social class and gender. Some of these establishments ultimately evolved into medieval universities and forebears of many of Europe's modern universities. The medieval universities of Western Christendom were well-integrated across all of Western Europe, encouraged freedom of inquiry, and produced a great variety of fine scholars and natural philosophers, including Thomas Aquinas of the University of Naples , Robert Grosseteste of the University of Oxford , an early expositor of a systematic method of scientific experimentation,  and Saint Albert the Great , a pioneer of biological field research.
Elsewhere during the Middle Ages, Islamic science and mathematics flourished under the Islamic caliphate which was established across the Middle East, extending from the Iberian Peninsula in the west to the Indus in the east and to the Almoravid Dynasty and Mali Empire in the south.
The Renaissance in Europe ushered in a new age of scientific and intellectual inquiry and appreciation of ancient Greek and Roman civilizations. Around , Johannes Gutenberg developed a printing press, which allowed works of literature to spread more quickly.
The European Age of Empires saw European ideas of education in philosophy, religion, arts and sciences spread out across the globe. The Enlightenment saw the emergence of a more secular educational outlook in Europe. Much of modern traditional Western and Eastern education is based off the Prussian education system. In most countries today, full-time education, whether at school or otherwise , is compulsory for all children up to a certain age.
Formal education occurs in a structured environment whose explicit purpose is teaching students. Usually, formal education takes place in a school environment with classrooms of multiple students learning together with a trained, certified teacher of the subject. Most school systems are designed around a set of values or ideals that govern all educational choices in that system. Such choices include curriculum, organizational models , design of the physical learning spaces e.
The current version ISCED has 9 rather than 7 levels, created by dividing the tertiary pre-doctorate level into three levels. It also extended the lowest level ISCED 0 to cover a new sub-category of early childhood educational development programmes, which target children below the age of 3 years.
Education designed to support early development in preparation for participation in school and society. The programmes are designed for children below the age of 3. The children now readily interact with their peers and the educator. In general, primary education consists of six to eight years of schooling starting at the age of five to seven, although this varies between, and sometimes within, countries.
The division between primary and secondary education is somewhat arbitrary, but it generally occurs at about eleven or twelve years of age. Some education systems have separate middle schools , with the transition to the final stage of secondary education taking place at around the age of fifteen.
Schools that provide primary education, are mostly referred to as primary schools or elementary schools. Primary schools are often subdivided into infant schools and junior schools. In India, for example, compulsory education spans over twelve years, with eight years of elementary education, five years of primary schooling and three years of upper primary schooling.
Various states in the republic of India provide 12 years of compulsory school education based on a national curriculum framework designed by the National Council of Educational Research and Training.
In most contemporary educational systems of the world, secondary education comprises the formal education that occurs during adolescence. In the United States, Canada, and Australia , primary and secondary education together are sometimes referred to as K education, and in New Zealand Year 1—13 is used. The purpose of secondary education can be to give common knowledge , to prepare for higher education , or to train directly in a profession. Secondary education in the United States did not emerge until , with the rise of large corporations and advancing technology in factories, which required skilled workers.
In order to meet this new job demand, high schools were created, with a curriculum focused on practical job skills that would better prepare students for white collar or skilled blue collar work. This proved beneficial for both employers and employees, since the improved human capital lowered costs for the employer, while skilled employees received higher wages.
Secondary education has a longer history in Europe, where grammar schools or academies date from as early as the 6th century, [b] in the form of public schools , fee-paying schools , or charitable educational foundations, which themselves date even further back. It spans the period between the typically universal compulsory, primary education to the optional, selective tertiary , "postsecondary", or " higher " education of ISCED 5 and 6 e.
Depending on the system, schools for this period, or a part of it, may be called secondary or high schools , gymnasiums , lyceums , middle schools, colleges , or vocational schools. The exact meaning of any of these terms varies from one system to another. The exact boundary between primary and secondary education also varies from country to country and even within them but is generally around the seventh to the tenth year of schooling.
Programs at ISCED level 2, lower secondary education are usually organized around a more subject-oriented curriculum; differing from primary education. Teachers typically have pedagogical training in the specific subjects and, more often than at ISCED level 1, a class of students will have several teachers, each with specialized knowledge of the subjects they teach. Programmes at ISCED level 2, aim to lay the foundation for lifelong learning and human development upon introducing theoretical concepts across a broad range of subjects which can be developed in future stages.
Some education systems may offer vocational education programs during ISCED level 2 providing skills relevant to employment. Programs at ISCED level 3, or upper secondary education, are typically designed to complete the secondary education process. They lead to skills relevant to employment and the skill necessary to engage in tertiary courses. They offer students more varied, specialized and in-depth instruction. They are more differentiated, with range of options and learning streams.
Community colleges offer another option at this transitional stage of education. They provide nonresidential junior college courses to people living in a particular area. Higher education, also called tertiary, third stage, or postsecondary education, is the non-compulsory educational level that follows the completion of a school such as a high school or secondary school. Tertiary education is normally taken to include undergraduate and postgraduate education , as well as vocational education and training.
Colleges and universities mainly provide tertiary education. Collectively, these are sometimes known as tertiary institutions. Individuals who complete tertiary education generally receive certificates , diplomas , or academic degrees.
ISCED 6 is equivalent to a first degree, ISCED 7 is equivalent to a masters or an advanced professional qualification and ISCED 8 is an advanced research qualification, usually concluding with the submission and defence of a substantive dissertation of publishable quality based on original research. Higher education typically involves work towards a degree-level or foundation degree qualification.
Higher education is therefore very important to national economies , both as a significant industry in its own right and as a source of trained and educated personnel for the rest of the economy. University education includes teaching, research, and social services activities, and it includes both the undergraduate level sometimes referred to as tertiary education and the graduate or postgraduate level sometimes referred to as graduate school.
Some universities are composed of several colleges. One type of university education is a liberal arts education, which can be defined as a " college or university curriculum aimed at imparting broad general knowledge and developing general intellectual capacities, in contrast to a professional, vocational , or technical curriculum. Vocational education is a form of education focused on direct and practical training for a specific trade or craft.
Vocational education may come in the form of an apprenticeship or internship as well as institutions teaching courses such as carpentry , agriculture , engineering , medicine , architecture and the arts. In the past, those who were disabled were often not eligible for public education. Children with disabilities were repeatedly denied an education by physicians or special tutors.
These early physicians people like Itard , Seguin , Howe , Gallaudet set the foundation for special education today. They focused on individualized instruction and functional skills. In its early years, special education was only provided to people with severe disabilities, but more recently it has been opened to anyone who has experienced difficulty learning.
While considered "alternative" today, most alternative systems have existed since ancient times. Alternative education developed in part as a reaction to perceived limitations and failings of traditional education. A broad range of educational approaches emerged, including alternative schools , self learning , homeschooling , and unschooling.
Charter schools are another example of alternative education, which have in the recent years grown in numbers in the US and gained greater importance in its public education system. Indigenous education refers to the inclusion of indigenous knowledge, models, methods, and content within formal and non-formal educational systems.
Often in a post-colonial context, the growing recognition and use of indigenous education methods can be a response to the erosion and loss of indigenous knowledge and language through the processes of colonialism. Furthermore, it can enable indigenous communities to "reclaim and revalue their languages and cultures, and in so doing, improve the educational success of indigenous students.
Informal learning occurs in a variety of places, such as at home , work , and through daily interactions and shared relationships among members of society. For many learners, this includes language acquisition , cultural norms , and manners.
In informal learning, there is often a reference person, a peer or expert, to guide the learner. If learners have a personal interest in what they are informally being taught, learners tend to expand their existing knowledge and conceive new ideas about the topic being learned. While informal learning often takes place outside educational establishments and does not follow a specified curriculum, it can also occur within educational settings and even during formal learning situations.
Educators can structure their lessons to directly utilize their students informal learning skills within the education setting. In the late 19th century, education through play began to be recognized as making an important contribution to child development. Jacks , also an early proponent of lifelong learning, described education through recreation: "A master in the art of living draws no sharp distinction between his work and his play, his labour and his leisure, his mind and his body, his education and his recreation.
LESSON - 1 MEANING, AIMS AND PROCESS OF EDUCATION
Education is a systematic process through which a child or an adult acquires knowledge, experience, skill and sound attitude. It makes an individual civilized, refined, cultured and educated. For a civilized and socialized society, education is the only means. Its goal is to make an individual perfect. Every society gives importance to education because it is a panacea for all evils. It is the key to solve the various problems of life.
Education is indispensable to individual and society, for without it there would be loss of all the accumulated knowledge of the ages and all the standard of conduct. An individual must learn the culture of the society or the accepted ways of doing things. He must be socialized into the prevailing culture and must learn the rules of conduct and expectations about future behaviour. Society therefore, consciously devices its instructional programmes to fulfill personal and social needs rather than leaving the learning to change. Education provides a conscious teaching programme that helps to inculcate values, norms and social skills that will enable the individual to develop his personality and sustain the social system. The term education has different meanings.
Education Details: a meaning that is often of little practical value—the meaning we assign to a word is a belief, not an absolute fact. Here are a couple of examples. The truly human society is a learning society, definition of education pdf. We can also define education as "a process of acquiring knowledge through study or imparting the knowledge by way of instructions or some other practical procedure". This was the purpose of the education given to a little aboriginal in the Australian bush before the coming of the white man.
The Meaning and Purpose of Education
Education is a process in which and by which t he knowledge, characters and behavior of the human being are shaped and molded. Education is lead to the enlightenment of mankind. Imam Ghazali said that education is a process which enable an individual to distinguish between the true and false, the good and bad, the right conduct and the evil doing.
The Many Purposes of Education
Many issues occur when differing opinions about the purpose of education collide. It is important to recognize that other people, including many of your coworkers, administrators, and your students' parents might have a different point of view concerning what education should be all about. It's the idea that schools need to provide students with the knowledge they need to be functional adults in their day-to-day lives. They need to know how to read, write , and do arithmetic. The purpose of education to some teachers is to impart knowledge about the subject matter they are teaching without much thought to other classes.
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- Мигель Буисан. - Понятно. Она получит ваше письмо утром. - Спасибо, - улыбнулся Беккер и повернулся, собираясь уходить. Консьерж бросил внимательный взгляд в его спину, взял конверт со стойки и повернулся к полке с номерными ячейками.
“The function of education is to teach one to think intensively and to think “The one continuing purpose of education, since ancient times, Members of media and the public are welcome to post the downloadable PDF of this infographic.
Purposes and Functions
Повернувшись, она увидела, как за стеной, в шифровалке, Чатрукьян что-то говорит Хейлу. Понятно, домой он так и не ушел и теперь в панике пытается что-то внушить Хейлу. Она понимала, что это больше не имеет значения: Хейл и без того знал все, что можно было знать. Мне нужно доложить об этом Стратмору, - подумала она, - и как можно скорее. ГЛАВА 38 Хейл остановился в центре комнаты и пристально посмотрел на Сьюзан.
От этого кольца мне было не по. На девушке было много украшений, и я подумала, что ей это кольцо понравится. - А она не увидела в этом ничего странного.