Zainichi Korean Identity And Ethnicity Pdf WriterBy Dominique D. In and pdf 15.05.2021 at 17:09 6 min read
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- Dissertation/Thesis Abstract
- Identities and Use of Names of Young Zainichi Koreans
- Koreans in Japan
- A Tribute to the Japanese Literature of Korean Writers in Japan
Interest in the SDGs is increasing rapidly both in Japan and overseas as issues and objectives for all countries in the world, including developed countries. By focusing on universities as centers for creating knowledge and examining research activities by researchers of Chuo University, this special feature explores the role which must be fulfilled by universities in order to achieve the SDGs by In the fourth installment, Associate Professor Rika Lee Faculty of Policy Studies discusses the unequal structures surrounding people and countries as arising from the dualism of fellow citizens and foreigners that exist in Japan, as well as changes in said structures.
Lee also points out the role of universities in achieving SDGs Goal 10 "Reduce inequality within and among countries. UN member nations have pledged to leave no one behind. The SDGs indicate universal challenges to be undertaken domestically and on a global scale by both developing nations and advanced nations.
In this article, I would like to discuss the role of universities and research in achieving Goal 10 "Reduce inequality within and among countries," while also focusing on domestic issues that specific actions can be taken in Japan. The 20th century was an era in which the nation-state system spread to every corner of the world. National borders were drawn everywhere in the world, and people were divided into citizens and non-citizens. Non-citizens were called "aliens" and recognized as "foreigners" from outside the borders of that nation.
Furthermore, national identity was prioritized and a sense of belonging was formed around the nation. In East Asia, people formed national sentiments on the basis of race and ethnicity. Accordingly, classifications such as Japanese and Korean came to mean people with the same ethnic roots, in addition to the nationality and passport of a certain country.
Therefore, when people witnessed the loss of numerous lives during the era of Japanese empire, people regarded it as a loss of their blood. Unfortunately, this ethno-national sentiment is still prevailing today as an anti-Korean and anti-Japanese sentiments in Japan and Korea.
Then what happened to the stateless person in this kind of era? I would like to particularly focus on the case of Korean long-term residents in Japan, as a case to think about the conditions in Japan. Instead, the term indicated roots originating in the Korean Peninsula, and did not confer nationality to the Democratic People's Republic of Korea or the Republic of Korea.
In particular, when diplomatic relations between Japan and the Republic of Korea were normalized in by the Treaty on Basic Relations between Japan and the Republic of Korea, Zainichi Koreans were able to obtain nationality as citizens of the Republic of Korea. However, at that time, permanent residency and qualifications for receipt of social welfare were only granted to people who had acquired the nationality of the Republic of Korea, thus creating disparities among Zainichi Koreans.
In response, Japan started its effort to improve the system by introducing residence statuses such as Exceptional Permanent Resident and Special Permanent Resident Upon entering the age of globalization, we now live in a time where people, goods, money, and cultures frequently cross national borders.
There are now many people classified as "foreigners" living in Japan. The number of foreigners was 2. Additionally, in April , the Japanese government revised the Immigration Control and Refugee Recognition Act the Revised Immigration Control Act and has stated that it will accept up to approximately , foreign workers during the next five years.
More people are coming from abroad and living in Japanese communities than ever before, which means dramatic changes in the lives of Japanese people who have always lived in those communities. Moreover, the number of Japanese people with "foreign roots" is increasing due to international marriage and the acquisition of Japanese nationality.
Today, the boundaries between "Japanese" and "foreigners" are becoming blurred and fluid in Japan. Amidst such circumstances, what kind of multicultural policies have been implemented by Japan thus far? Fuminori Minamikawa, a sociologist on multiculturalism, introduced that the number of new migrants accepted by Japan in surged to become the fourth-highest number of all OECD member nations, ranking behind only Germany, the United States, and the United Kingdom. Minamikawa also pointed out that Japan received the worst evaluation among developed countries by research institutions which index the achievement of multicultural societies.
Unfortunately, such policies failed to produce the expected results in a variety of aspects. Nevertheless, in addition to the Revised Immigration Control Act, the Japanese government is trying to invest One reason for said failure is that current multiculturalism in Japan simply divides people and cultures into the categories of "Japanese" and "foreign.
This ambiguity leads to the spread of differentiation, prejudice, and discrimination in complex ways. For example, in the aforementioned example of Zainichi Koreans, there are many third and fourth generation Zainichi Koreans who were raised with Japanese as their first language due to the process of generational change.
Very few of these people appear to be so-called foreigners. However, they are still disregarded as aliens, and are even targets of hate speech. Even if they were to acquire Japanese nationality to undergo the process of naturalization as Japanese citizens , they will be viewed differently as naturalized Japanese if their background as Zainichi Korean is discovered. For example, in , Masaaki Yamamura committed suicide by immolation due to the stress that he suffered as a naturalized Japanese.
Regrettably, that stress has not disappeared with the passage of time; rather, many aspects of that stress remain even today. This kind of reality is ignored and underestimated in the simplified structures which only see people as "Japanese" or "foreign.
Therefore, the first step we need to do in the university is to unveil the complicated boundaries between people and countries. This means understanding historical and actual events, the realities which existed in the past and exists in current times, and the ethnic relationships, social structures, and international relations behind such realities.
These research results could be utilized in university education simultaneously. The university education can provide the understanding on how domestic mechanisms surrounding people and countries including unequal structures are connected or disconnected with the world, and how we can comprehend an increasingly complex society from a global viewpoint.
Fieldwork such as on-site surveys and interviews is an essential opportunity for engaging in such education. It is a great chance for the students to realize and understand the "reality". However, fieldwork must not be positioned as the study of "others"; instead, we must instruct students to ensure that they realize that they share the responsibility for achieving a global multicultural era together with the subjects being studied.
Next, we must create ideas and societies that go beyond the dualistic framework of Japanese citizens and foreigners. For example, in the field of immigration studies, a new concept called the "period of stay" principle has been proposed.
Instead, the "period of stay" principle proposes that people who have resided in a certain country or region for a long period of time should be considered as members of the same collective. Furthermore, an anthropological study by Harajiri Hideki has pointed out that the traditional society and pre-modern ideas which exist in Japanese regional society actually provide an important viewpoint for achieving a multicultural society in modern Japan. She is involved as an editor in the writing of Chosen-Seki scheduled for publishing in by Akashi Shoten.
Identities and Use of Names of Young Zainichi Koreans
Interest in the SDGs is increasing rapidly both in Japan and overseas as issues and objectives for all countries in the world, including developed countries. By focusing on universities as centers for creating knowledge and examining research activities by researchers of Chuo University, this special feature explores the role which must be fulfilled by universities in order to achieve the SDGs by In the fourth installment, Associate Professor Rika Lee Faculty of Policy Studies discusses the unequal structures surrounding people and countries as arising from the dualism of fellow citizens and foreigners that exist in Japan, as well as changes in said structures. Lee also points out the role of universities in achieving SDGs Goal 10 "Reduce inequality within and among countries. UN member nations have pledged to leave no one behind. The SDGs indicate universal challenges to be undertaken domestically and on a global scale by both developing nations and advanced nations. In this article, I would like to discuss the role of universities and research in achieving Goal 10 "Reduce inequality within and among countries," while also focusing on domestic issues that specific actions can be taken in Japan.
Elise Foxworth. Permalinks for references are available in the HTML version of this article. As a recipient of a Japan Foundation Fellowship in , I was able to commence doctoral studies on the little-known Japanese literature of zainichi Koreans in Japan. My overarching goal was to achieve a nuanced understanding of postwar Japanese society, one that encompassed zainichi Korean perspectives, which are generally overlooked by mainstream studies. Although I had studied Japanese society for over six years, held a Masters Degree in Japanese studies and had lived in Japan for five years, I nevertheless had had minimal exposure to minority culture in Japan.
'Zainichi' (在日; lit., 'residing in Japan') is a Japanese term used to refer to pre-and post-war forced and unforced migrants in Japan, and their descendants .
Koreans in Japan
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The purpose of the present dissertation is to study literary works by writers who have Korean heritage, Yuasa Katsue, Jewish American writers and other postcolonial writers and to question the ubiquitous tendency to integrate a people, their language, and their culture into one entity. The writer primarily studies Tachihara Masaaki in contrast with the aforementioned writers by employing two theoretical concepts, hybridity and mimicry. Since these concepts are intricately intertwined in identity and language, they must be studied both individually and synergistically.
A leading academic journal in the field, Korean Studies publishes—generally in the spirit of the humanities and social sciences—research articles, review articles, commentaries, and book reviews on Korea-related topics, to better question and understand our world. Project MUSE promotes the creation and dissemination of essential humanities and social science resources through collaboration with libraries, publishers, and scholars worldwide. Forged from a partnership between a university press and a library, Project MUSE is a trusted part of the academic and scholarly community it serves.
They currently constitute the second largest ethnic minority group in Japan after Chinese immigrants due to many Koreans assimilating into the general Japanese population. The term Zainichi Korean refers only to long-term Korean residents of Japan who trace their roots to Korea under Japanese rule , distinguishing them from the later wave of Korean migrants who came mostly in the s  and from pre-modern immigrants dating back to antiquity who may themselves be the ancestors of the Japanese people. The Japanese word "Zainichi" itself means a foreign citizen "staying in Japan" and implies temporary residence.
A Tribute to the Japanese Literature of Korean Writers in Japan
As opposed to other groups of Korean emigrants, Koreans who live in Japan are often descendants of Koreans who moved there not by choice but by force. Under the Japanese occupation from to , the Japanese confiscated farmland as a part of their colonization scheme, thus depriving people of the foundation for their livelihood. Many Koreans had no choice but to move to Japan or Manchuria for their survival. As a result, the s and s saw the most rapid increase of Koreans in Japan.
It discusses Zainichi Koreans in Japan. The book includes ten essays, each written by a different person. The former taught in Japan and received their professional training in Anglophone countries.
PDF | Although life for Japan's zainichi Korean population has been influenced when national and ethnic identities are represented and projected as pure, ; Il Park, Zainichi to iu ikikata, 26–27; Wender, 'Mothers write.
Взгляни на число дешифровок. Бринкерхофф послушно следил за движениями ее пальца. КОЛИЧЕСТВО ДЕШИФРОВОК О Мидж постучала пальцем по этой цифре. - Я так и думала. Деление на ноль. Бринкерхофф высоко поднял брови. - Выходит, все в порядке.
- Он опять замолчал. Сьюзан ждала продолжения, но его не последовало. - Больше трех часов. Стратмор кивнул. Она не выглядела взволнованной. - Новая диагностика.
Хейл промолчал. - Рано или поздно, - продолжала она, - народ должен вверить кому-то свою судьбу. В нашей стране происходит много хорошего, но немало и плохого. Кто-то должен иметь возможность оценивать и отделять одно от другого. В этом и заключается наша работа.
Он направил мотоцикл через кустарник и, спрыгнув на нем с бордюрного камня, оказался на асфальте. Веспа внезапно взбодрилась. Под колесами быстро побежала авеню Луис Монтоно. Слева остался футбольный стадион, впереди не было ни одной машины. Тут он услышал знакомый металлический скрежет и, подняв глаза, увидел такси, спускавшееся вниз по пандусу в сотне метров впереди.
Вы уничтожите этот алгоритм сразу же после того, как мы с ним познакомимся. - Конечно. Так, чтобы не осталось и следа. Сьюзан нахмурилась.
Хейл очень опасен. Он… Но Стратмор растворился в темноте. Сьюзан поспешила за ним, пытаясь увидеть его силуэт.