Current Trends And Technologies In Computer Science Pdf

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Emerging technologies are technologies whose development, practical applications, or both are still largely unrealized, such that they are figuratively emerging into prominence from a background of nonexistence or obscurity.

The world is developing insanely fast, which means that something becomes trending when something else may become obsolete. With the IT industry, one can claim that these changes happen at the speed of a sound. Based on the technological advancements in the roots and rapid development of IoT, the heyday of AI, blockchain implementation, etc.

Trends in computer hardware and software

Emerging technologies are technologies whose development, practical applications, or both are still largely unrealized, such that they are figuratively emerging into prominence from a background of nonexistence or obscurity.

These technologies are generally new but also include older technologies that are still relatively undeveloped in potential, such as gene therapy which dates to circa but even today still has large undeveloped potential. Emerging technologies are often perceived as capable of changing the status quo.

Emerging technologies are characterized by radical novelty in application even if not in origins , relatively fast growth, coherence, prominent impact, and uncertainty and ambiguity. In other words, an emerging technology can be defined as "a radically novel and relatively fast growing technology characterised by a certain degree of coherence persisting over time and with the potential to exert a considerable impact on the socio-economic domain s which is observed in terms of the composition of actors, institutions and patterns of interactions among those, along with the associated knowledge production processes.

Its most prominent impact, however, lies in the future and so in the emergence phase is still somewhat uncertain and ambiguous. Emerging technologies include a variety of technologies such as educational technology , information technology , nanotechnology , biotechnology , cognitive science , psychotechnology, robotics , and artificial intelligence.

New technological fields may result from the technological convergence of different systems evolving towards similar goals. Convergence brings previously separate technologies such as voice and telephony features , data and productivity applications and video together so that they share resources and interact with each other, creating new efficiencies.

Emerging technologies are those technical innovations which represent progressive developments within a field for competitive advantage ; [2] converging technologies represent previously distinct fields which are in some way moving towards stronger inter-connection and similar goals.

However, the opinion on the degree of the impact, status and economic viability of several emerging and converging technologies varies. In the history of technology , emerging technologies [3] [4] are contemporary advances and innovation in various fields of technology. Over centuries innovative methods and new technologies are developed and opened up. Some of these technologies are due to theoretical research, and others from commercial research and development.

Technological growth includes incremental developments and disruptive technologies. An example of the former was the gradual roll-out of DVD digital video disc as a development intended to follow on from the previous optical technology compact disc. By contrast, disruptive technologies are those where a new method replaces the previous technology and makes it redundant, for example, the replacement of horse-drawn carriages by automobiles and other vehicles.

Many writers, including computer scientist Bill Joy , [5] have identified clusters of technologies that they consider critical to humanity's future. Joy warns that the technology could be used by elites for good or evil. They could use it as "good shepherds" for the rest of humanity or decide everyone else is superfluous and push for mass extinction of those made unnecessary by technology.

Advocates of the benefits of technological change typically see emerging and converging technologies as offering hope for the betterment of the human condition. However, critics of the risks of technological change, and even some advocates such as transhumanist philosopher Nick Bostrom , warn that some of these technologies could pose dangers, perhaps even contribute to the extinction of humanity itself; i.

Much ethical debate centers on issues of distributive justice in allocating access to beneficial forms of technology. Some thinkers, including environmental ethicist Bill McKibben , oppose the continuing development of advanced technology partly out of fear that its benefits will be distributed unequally in ways that could worsen the plight of the poor.

Some analysts such as Martin Ford, author of The Lights in the Tunnel: Automation, Accelerating Technology and the Economy of the Future , [12] argue that as information technology advances, robots and other forms of automation will ultimately result in significant unemployment as machines and software begin to match and exceed the capability of workers to perform most routine jobs. As robotics and artificial intelligence develop further, even many skilled jobs may be threatened.

Technologies such as machine learning [13] may ultimately allow computers to do many knowledge-based jobs that require significant education.

This may result in substantial unemployment at all skill levels, stagnant or falling wages for most workers, and increased concentration of income and wealth as the owners of capital capture an ever-larger fraction of the economy.

This in turn could lead to depressed consumer spending and economic growth as the bulk of the population lacks sufficient discretionary income to purchase the products and services produced by the economy. Solid-state air batteries Li-Air composition. Master and the slave boards. The Semantic Web Stack Semantic layer architecture.

RFID Transcievers. Activates passive RFID chip. Agri-robot farming. Cultivation 'bots and husbandry. Atmo-vortex engines. Electromagnetic weapons.

Hydrogen rf plasma discharger. Artificial intelligence AI is the sub intelligence exhibited by machines or software, and the branch of computer science that develops machines and software with animal-like intelligence.

Major AI researchers and textbooks define the field as "the study and design of intelligent agents," where an intelligent agent is a system that perceives its environment and takes actions that maximize its chances of success.

John McCarthy , who coined the term in , defines it as "the study of making intelligent machines". The central functions or goals of AI research include reasoning, knowledge, planning , learning, natural language processing communication , perception and the ability to move and manipulate objects.

General intelligence or " strong AI " is still among the field's long-term goals. Currently, popular approaches include deep learning, statistical methods, computational intelligence and traditional symbolic AI. There is an enormous number of tools used in AI, including versions of search and mathematical optimization, logic, methods based on probability and economics, and many others. Combined with Internet technology, 3D printing would allow for digital blueprints of virtually any material product to be sent instantly to another person to be produced on the spot, making purchasing a product online almost instantaneous.

Although this technology is still too crude to produce most products, it is rapidly developing and created a controversy in around the issue of 3D printed guns. This led the way to treatments for other genetic diseases and increased interest in germ line gene therapy — therapy affecting the gametes and descendants of patients. Between September and January , there were around 2, gene therapy trials conducted or approved.

A cancer vaccine is a vaccine that treats existing cancer or prevents the development of cancer in certain high-risk individuals. Vaccines that treat existing cancer are known as therapeutic cancer vaccines. There are currently no vaccines able to prevent cancer in general. On April 14, , The Dendreon Corporation announced that their Phase III clinical trial of Provenge , a cancer vaccine designed to treat prostate cancer, had demonstrated an increase in survival.

It received U. Food and Drug Administration FDA approval for use in the treatment of advanced prostate cancer patients on April 29, In vitro meat , also called cultured meat , clean meat , cruelty-free meat , shmeat , and test-tube meat , is an animal-flesh product that has never been part of a living animal with exception of the fetal calf serum taken from a slaughtered cow. In the 21st century, several research projects have worked on in vitro meat in the laboratory. Some argue that it is less objectionable than traditionally obtained meat because it doesn't involve killing and reduces the risk of animal cruelty, while others disagree with eating meat that has not developed naturally.

Nanotechnology sometimes shortened to nanotech is the manipulation of matter on an atomic , molecular , and supramolecular scale.

The earliest widespread description of nanotechnology [27] [28] referred to the particular technological goal of precisely manipulating atoms and molecules for fabrication of macroscale products, also now referred to as molecular nanotechnology. A more generalized description of nanotechnology was subsequently established by the National Nanotechnology Initiative , which defines nanotechnology as the manipulation of matter with at least one dimension sized from 1 to nanometers.

This definition reflects the fact that quantum mechanical effects are important at this quantum-realm scale, and so the definition shifted from a particular technological goal to a research category inclusive of all types of research and technologies that deal with the special properties of matter that occur below the given size threshold.

Robotics is the branch of technology that deals with the design, construction, operation, and application of robots , [29] as well as computer systems for their control, sensory feedback, and information processing. A good example of a robot that resembles humans is Sophia , a social humanoid robot developed by Hong Kong -based company Hanson Robotics which was activated on April 19, Many of today's robots are inspired by nature contributing to the field of bio-inspired robotics.

Stem cell therapy is an intervention strategy that introduces new adult stem cells into damaged tissue in order to treat disease or injury. Many medical researchers believe that stem cell treatments have the potential to change the face of human disease and alleviate suffering. Distributed ledger or blockchain technology provides a transparent and immutable list of transactions. A wide range of uses has been proposed for where an open, decentralised database is required, ranging from supply chains to cryptocurrencies.

Smart contracts are self-executing transactions which occur when pre-defined conditions are met. The aim is to provide security that is superior to traditional contract law, and to reduce transaction costs and delays. The original idea was conceived by Nick Szabo in , [32] but remained unrealised until the development of blockchains. With technology being faster with delivering data with cloud computing, the medical field is taking advantage of this by creating digital health records. Since doctors recently created digital health records, this can greatly improve the efficiency, the hospital can have with patients.

Hospitals will improve public health by being able to share valuable information about an illness, make the workflow more smooth by doctors being able to pull up records on a patient with ease, and even lower healthcare costs by not using as much paper Banova [35]. With the advancement of cloud computing, information can be delivered faster for doctors to help the medical field grow.

As innovation drives economic growth, and large economic rewards come from new inventions, a great deal of resources funding and effort go into the development of emerging technologies.

Some of the sources of these resources are described below Research and development is directed towards the advancement of technology in general, and therefore includes development of emerging technologies. See also List of countries by research and development spending. Applied research is a form of systematic inquiry involving the practical application of science.

It accesses and uses some part of the research communities' the academia's accumulated theories, knowledge, methods, and techniques, for a specific, often state-, business-, or client-driven purpose. Science policy is the area of public policy which is concerned with the policies that affect the conduct of the science and research enterprise, including the funding of science, often in pursuance of other national policy goals such as technological innovation to promote commercial product development, weapons development, health care and environmental monitoring.

Department of Defense responsible for the development of emerging technologies for use by the military. Its purpose was to formulate and execute research and development projects to expand the frontiers of technology and science, with the aim to reach beyond immediate military requirements. Projects funded by DARPA have provided significant technologies that influenced many non-military fields, such as the Internet and Global Positioning System technology.

There are awards that provide incentive to push the limits of technology generally synonymous with emerging technologies. Note that while some of these awards reward achievement after-the-fact via analysis of the merits of technological breakthroughs, others provide incentive via competitions for awards offered for goals yet to be achieved. In , underdog Charles Lindbergh won the prize in a modified single-engine Ryan aircraft called the Spirit of St.

The XPRIZE series of awards, public competitions designed and managed by the non-profit organization called the X Prize Foundation , are intended to encourage technological development that could benefit mankind. The Turing Award is an annual prize given by the Association for Computing Machinery ACM to "an individual selected for contributions of a technical nature made to the computing community.

The Millennium Technology Prize is awarded once every two years by Technology Academy Finland , an independent fund established by Finnish industry and the Finnish state in partnership. In , David Gobel seed-funded the Methuselah Mouse Prize Mprize to encourage the development of new life extension therapies in mice, which are genetically similar to humans. So far, three Mouse Prizes have been awarded: one for breaking longevity records to Dr.

Stephen Spindler of the University of California ; and one to Dr. Dave Sharp for his work with the pharmaceutical rapamycin. Science fiction has often affected innovation and new technology - for example many rocketry pioneers were inspired by science fiction [36] - and the documentary How William Shatner Changed the World gives a number of examples of imagined technologies being actualized. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

5 emerging digital trends in the information technology sector

Previously identified and current trends in the development of computer systems and in the use of computers for health care applications are reviewed. Trends identified in a article were increasing miniaturization and archival ability, increasing software costs, increasing software independence, user empowerment through new software technologies, shorter computer-system life cycles, and more rapid development and support of pharmaceutical services. Most of these trends continue today. Current trends in hardware and software include the increasing use of reduced instruction-set computing, migration to the UNIX operating system, the development of large software libraries, microprocessor-based smart terminals that allow remote validation of data, speech synthesis and recognition, application generators, fourth-generation languages, computer-aided software engineering, object-oriented technologies, and artificial intelligence. Current trends specific to pharmacy and hospitals are the withdrawal of vendors of hospital information systems from the pharmacy market, improved linkage of information systems within hospitals, and increased regulation by government. The computer industry and its products continue to undergo dynamic change. Software development continues to lag behind hardware, and its high cost is offsetting the savings provided by hardware.

It seems that you're in Germany. We have a dedicated site for Germany. The present book includes extended and revised versions of papers presented during the International Computer Symposium ICS , held in Yunlin, Republic of China Taiwan , on December , The 86 papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from submissions from 11 countries. The variety of the topics include machine learning, sensor devices and platforms, sensor networks, robotics, embedded systems, networks, operating systems, software system structures, database design and models, multimedia and multimodal retrieval, object detection, image processing, image compression, mobile and wireless security. JavaScript is currently disabled, this site works much better if you enable JavaScript in your browser.

PDF | On Jan 1, , John Lenon E Agatep published Computer Computer Science and Information Technology: New Trends in Educational Research hence considered as the current trend in educa onal technology.

New Trends in Computer Technologies and Applications

T here are several emerging digital trends impacting the information technology sector as a whole. The IT industry has been experiencing a consistent expansion and growth in its capabilities. As the information technology sector continues to expand, the available job opportunities, organizational structure, and available technologies of the IT industry has significantly changed.

Programming has become a significant part of connecting theoretical development and scientific application computation. Computer programs and processes that take into account the goals and needs of the user meet with the greatest success, so it behooves software engineers to consider the human element inherent in every line of code they write. Research Anthology on Recent Trends, Tools, and Implications of Computer Programming is a vital reference source that examines the latest scholarly material on trends, techniques, and uses of various programming applications and examines the benefits and challenges of these computational developments. Highlighting a range of topics such as coding standards, software engineering, and computer systems development, this multi-volume book is ideally designed for programmers, computer scientists, software developers, analysts, security experts, IoT software programmers, computer and software engineers, students, professionals, and researchers.

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Current Trends in Computer Science Summary (Report)


Когда Ролдан заговорил, голос его звучал уже не так любезно, как прежде: - Сэр, это Агентство услуг сопровождения Белен. Могу я поинтересоваться, кто со мной говорит. - А-а… Зигмунд Шмидт, - с трудом нашелся Беккер. - Кто вам дал наш номер. - La Guia Telefonica - желтые страницы. - Да, сэр, мы внесены туда как агентство сопровождения.

Current trends on ICT technologies for enterprise information systems

Тогда Стратмор напрягся и рванул тело изо всех сил. Внезапно его швырнуло назад, и он больно ударился спиной о кожух генератора.

И самый мерзкий пляж, покрытый острыми камнями. Этого и ждут от меня читатели. Больные на соседних койках начали приподниматься, чтобы разглядеть, что происходит. Беккер нервно посматривал на медсестру. Пожалуй, дело кончится тем, что его выставят на улицу.


Holly D.
14.05.2021 at 22:34 - Reply

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Mia C.
15.05.2021 at 05:28 - Reply

Abstract: The proposed paper discusses the current trends on ICT The term Ontology has gained currency in Computer Science in the eighties http://​

Janvier G.
20.05.2021 at 17:34 - Reply

Top technologies which are in current trends in computer science & Application are as below: A. Deep learning or Machine learning (ML). B.

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